Saturday, 10 January 2015

Django Syncdb Create superuser ValueError: unknown locale: UTF-8 [Solved]

While setting up a new remote server for a new Django Application I am currently working on, I encountered following error as entered yes to create superuser after I entered syncdb command for the first time.
ValueError: unknown locale: UTF-8
Here is the full trace:

(django1.5)[root@DXDS2102 testdjango]# python syncdb
Creating tables ...
Creating table auth_permission
Creating table auth_group_permissions
Creating table auth_group
Creating table auth_user_groups
Creating table auth_user_user_permissions
Creating table auth_user
Creating table django_content_type
Creating table django_session
Creating table django_site

You just installed Django's auth system, which means you don't have any superusers defined.
Would you like to create one now? (yes/no): yes
ValueError: unknown locale: UTF-8
As I had centOS server for my Django Application, I entered following commands which actually solved this problem:
export LC_CTYPE=en_US.UTF-8
export LC_ALL=en_US.UTF-8
After running the above command I again did syncdb but Django didn't asked me about creating superuser. So for manually creating a superuser, I entered following command:
python createsuperuser
The django superuser was created without the error of "ValueError: unknown locale: UTF-8".

Tuesday, 6 January 2015

django.core.exceptions.improperlyconfigured error loading mysqldb module no module named mysqldb - Python Django MySQL Error

In order to deal massive (Big) data in one of my applications. I am testing MySQL with MariaDB and TokuDB. Previously I had used PostgreSQL for my applications but the Reporting Engine I am designing requires some unique features to update data faster and retrieve it in an efficient manner. TokuDB being based on Fractal Indexing makes the insertion faster for Bigger Data and keeps the database compressed resulting in efficient use of storage data. While running MySQL MariaDB with Django in my virtual environment, I encountered following error: 

django.core.exceptions.improperlyconfigured error loading mysqldb module no module named mysqldb
Full Trace is:
(django1.5)alis-air:DjangoMariaDb aliraza$ python syncdb
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "", line 10, in <module>
  File "/Users/aliraza/Projects/VirtualEnv/django1.5/lib/python2.7/site-packages/django/core/management/", line 453, in execute_from_command_line
  File "/Users/aliraza/Projects/VirtualEnv/django1.5/lib/python2.7/site-packages/django/core/management/", line 392, in execute
  File "/Users/aliraza/Projects/VirtualEnv/django1.5/lib/python2.7/site-packages/django/core/management/", line 272, in fetch_command
    klass = load_command_class(app_name, subcommand)
  File "/Users/aliraza/Projects/VirtualEnv/django1.5/lib/python2.7/site-packages/django/core/management/", line 77, in load_command_class
    module = import_module('' % (app_name, name))
  File "/Users/aliraza/Projects/VirtualEnv/django1.5/lib/python2.7/site-packages/django/utils/", line 35, in import_module
  File "/Users/aliraza/Projects/VirtualEnv/django1.5/lib/python2.7/site-packages/django/core/management/commands/", line 8, in <module>
    from import custom_sql_for_model, emit_post_sync_signal
  File "/Users/aliraza/Projects/VirtualEnv/django1.5/lib/python2.7/site-packages/django/core/management/", line 9, in <module>
    from django.db import models
  File "/Users/aliraza/Projects/VirtualEnv/django1.5/lib/python2.7/site-packages/django/db/", line 40, in <module>
    backend = load_backend(connection.settings_dict['ENGINE'])
  File "/Users/aliraza/Projects/VirtualEnv/django1.5/lib/python2.7/site-packages/django/db/", line 34, in __getattr__
    return getattr(connections[DEFAULT_DB_ALIAS], item)
  File "/Users/aliraza/Projects/VirtualEnv/django1.5/lib/python2.7/site-packages/django/db/", line 93, in __getitem__
    backend = load_backend(db['ENGINE'])
  File "/Users/aliraza/Projects/VirtualEnv/django1.5/lib/python2.7/site-packages/django/db/", line 27, in load_backend
    return import_module('.base', backend_name)
  File "/Users/aliraza/Projects/VirtualEnv/django1.5/lib/python2.7/site-packages/django/utils/", line 35, in import_module
  File "/Users/aliraza/Projects/VirtualEnv/django1.5/lib/python2.7/site-packages/django/db/backends/mysql/", line 17, in <module>
    raise ImproperlyConfigured("Error loading MySQLdb module: %s" % e)
django.core.exceptions.ImproperlyConfigured: Error loading MySQLdb module: No module named MySQLdb

The solution to this error which worked for me was simply installing mysql-python module in my virtual environment. Use following command:
pip install mysql-python
and if you are not using virtualenv, then use:
sudo pip install mysql-python

Wednesday, 24 December 2014

Psycopg2 - MacOS X - library not loaded libssl.1.0.0.dylib reason image not found - Issue Resolved

I encountered following error on my MacOS X after installing PostgreSQL and Psycopg2 for my Python and Django based application.

ImportError: dlopen(/Users/aliraza/Projects/VirtualEnv/django1.5/lib/python2.7/site-packages/psycopg2/, 2): Library not loaded: libssl.1.0.0.dylib
  Referenced from: /Users/aliraza/Projects/VirtualEnv/django1.5/lib/python2.7/site-packages/psycopg2/
  Reason: image not found

Check if you have openssl installed by writing openssl on the commandline:
$ openssl

 If it starts, this means its installed in your system and you may skip STEP-2 and go directly to STEP-3.

If openssl isn't installed, install it by:
$ brew install openssl

Check the path of openssl lib on your machine. On my machine it was:
$ /usr/local/opt/openssl/lib/

You have to simply include this path from STEP-3 by running following command:
i.e in my case, the command with the STEP-3 path is:
$ sudo export DYLD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/local/opt/openssl/lib/

You may also have to create a symbolic link to PostgreSQL's lib folder. For that, first check your path of PostgreSQL's lib folder and then write following commands accordingly:

$ sudo ln -s /Library/PostgreSQL/9.4/lib/libssl.1.0.0.dylib /usr/lib/
$ sudo ln -s /Library/PostgreSQL/9.4/lib/libcrypto.1.0.0.dylib /usr/lib/

Now run python/ Django shell and import psycopg2. I had no errors after following this recipe.

Tuesday, 25 March 2014

PostgreSQL - pg_dump to copy PostgreSQL Database From One Remote Server to Another

While involved in Python + Django based projects and using postgreSQL as a database backend, there are occasions where I need to switch between servers and at times need to copy databases as well. For transferring the django application data + schema from one remote server to another, I use following ways as per convenience, available options, server restrictions etc.

1) Copying Django application data + schema (PostgreSQL) from one remote server by dumping the data in a file and then transferring that file to another remote server and restoring it. In this approach, you have got three options:

  • Dump both schema as well as Data to the file:
pg_dump -C -h host -U username db_name > /any_directory/dump_schema_and_data_file 
  • Dump only schema from PostgreSQL Database to a file:
pg_dump -Cs -h host -U username db_name > /any_directory/dump_schema_file
  • Dump only data from PostgreSQL Database to file:
pg_dump -a -h host -U username db_name > /any_directory/dump_data_file

After copying the above file to target server, you can easily restore database from file by using following command:
psql -h host -U username db_name < data_schema_file

2) Second approach I use to copy PostgreSQL database from one remote server to another is by directly using following command i.e without copying the data to intermediate file:

pg_dump -C -h localhost -U localuser db_name | psql remotehost -U remoteuser db_name

Thursday, 4 July 2013

Django - Install Psycopg2 on Mac OS X - pg_config path issue AND lipo: can't open input file - Issues Resolved

In one of my recent Django based projects, I happened to use PostgreSQL as Database Backend. In order to connect the db and for other operations with PostgreSQL, python's psycopg2 module is pretty popular and readily used. Psycopg2 got easily installed on the Linux (Ubuntu) machine but I faced some issues when I tried to install it on my Mac OS X 10.6.7. After following several tips and reading several blog posts, I finally managed to find the actual working solution which resolved the issues of installing Psycopg2 on Mac OS X. I also noticed that many people were trying to find solution of the same issues which I faced. So I am writing their solutions in a single blog post in a descriptive and step-by-step manner. There are basically two most common issues which I also faced while installing psycopg2 on Mac OS X:


When I tried to install psycopg2 on Mac OS X and entered following command on my terminal:

>pip install psycopg2

I got an error that pg_config file's path is not specified. Following is the full trace:

Error: pg_config executable not found.

Please add the directory containing pg_config to the PATH

or specify the full executable path with the option:

    python build_ext --pg-config /path/to/pg_config build ...

or with the pg_config option in 'setup.cfg'.

Command python egg_info failed with error code 1 in /tmp/pip-build/psycopg2


Provided that some version of PostgreSQL is already installed, you will have to explicitly add the PATH of pg_config file in your PostgreSQL bin folder. In my case, the installation PATH for PostgreSQL is:


so to define the PATH of pg_config file, I entered following command in my terminal:
> PATH=$PATH:/opt/local/lib/postgresql91/bin/

After running this command, the pg_config path error while installing psycopg2 was resolved


While installing psycopg2 on my Mac OS X, the pip install psycopg2 command returned following error:

lipo: can't open input file: /var/tmp//ccTy5xAu.out (No such file or directory)

Full trace of the error is as follows:

psycopg/psycopgmodule.c:951: fatal error: error writing to -: Broken pipe

compilation terminated.

lipo: can't open input file: /var/tmp//ccTy5xAu.out (No such file or directory)

error: command 'gcc-4.2' failed with exit status 1


After a googling a bit, and trying several recipes, the solution that worked for me was the following command which overrides the ARCHFLAGS architecture settings:

sudo env ARCHFLAGS="-arch i386 -arch x86_64" pip install psycopg2

This command finally installed psycopg2 on my Mac OS X without any issues.

Monday, 4 February 2013

Django Deployment - Fabric, GUnicorn, NGInx, Supervisor - Django-fagungis

Django has become a very popular web framework and I see lots of people confused about deploying Django projects the right way using the right tools. I myself faced a lot of problems in finding the right combination of tools for successful (and hassle free) Django Deployment.

Previously, I used Apache and mod_wsgi for Django Deployment but it required a lots of tweaking and found it to be a very lengthy process. You may go through this post to read whole account on Django Deployment issues using Apache and mod_wsgi.

After several cups of coffee and reading a lots of blogs, I found some alternatives/new-ways for Django Deployment. Those new ways/tools involved Nginx, gunicorn and supervisord with their lots of configurations. Still, when I started to use them, I found them more friendly for Django Deployment. But still I had to make some project related adjustments every time I used to deploy a new production-ready version of my project. Then I found this great tool "django-fagungis" (git - bitbucket) which promises a three step hassle free Django Deployment. After configuring it once, I just have to literally type three commands and its does my Django Deployment everytime like Aladdin's genie would have done for Aladdin. From cloning my project directly from bitbucket to configuring Nginx, Gunicorn and Supervisord on my remote server, it handles it all like a charm. You can find a detailed tutorial on how to use django-fagungis on its official site.

So, after following the initial configuration instructions of django-fagungis, I now have to type just three commands from my local machine!

fab my_project test_configuration

fab my_project setup

fab my_project deploy

Sunday, 12 February 2012

Django Deployment - Setup mod_wsgi on CentOS

Following terminal command would install mod_wsgi on CentOS:

sudo yum install mod_wsgi
yum list installed mod_wsgi